One large source of carbon dioxide emissions is in the production and transport of food. You can reduce your impact on climate change by choosing Local Foodwherever possible.
The energy and emissions involved in producing food account for 22% of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions. 40 per cent of all UK road freight is food related. A report published in the journal Food Policy calculated that if all foods were sourced from within 20km of where they were consumed, environmental and congestion costs (such as clean-up following pollution or the loss of profits caused by erosion damage) would fall from more than £2.3 billion to under £230 million — a saving of £2.1 billion annually.
Much of the food on the supermarket shelves is transported thousands of miles around the world so that we can eat it out of season. It takes a lot of energy to move things that far, and it’s mostly generated by burning fossil fuels. An apple from Purton Farm in Swindon travels no more than 5km, one from New Zealand may have travelled 12,000km to reach your table.
Getting apples from Argentina and New Zealand and beans from Africa just doesn’t make sense when they can be grown in the UK. Look at the label to see where it was grown before putting it in your shopping basket, or better still buy fromFarmers Markets or other sources of Local Food for the lowest food mileage.
You could even try growing food in your garden or an allotment.
To find out where you can buy local food and for seasonal recipes visit Big Barn.